Two components of the plant are used. The juicy gel has reputed wound-healing properties while the latex (bitter yellow layer containing the aloin) is said to have laxative properties but can help against arthritis. The gel encourages skin healing after sunburn or radiation, relieves itching and insect stings and is widely used in cosmetics for its moisturising and soothing effects. ● The gel also contains antioxidants, vitamins (A, C and B12) as well as bradykinase, an enzyme that reduces inflammation when applied to the skin. It is also used as a natural skin lightener as it contains melanin-inhibiting compounds. An oil is produced by adding the macerated aloe leaves in a base oil such as grapeseed or sweet almond oil. The powder is used in medicines and the fresh leaf can be applied directly to the skin to relieve sunburn.